BIG BREAKING NEWS – KEY FINDINGS: India’s Religious Composition Fairly Stable [#PewResearch] 09/21
A new Pew Research Center report shows that India’s religious composition has been fairly stable since the 1947 partition that divided the Indian subcontinent into Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.
This study – the second in the Center’s series about religion in India – covers the 6 decades between 1951, when the first post-Partition census was conducted, and 2011, the date of the nation’s most recent census.
Here are some of the report’s key findings:
1. India’s overall population more than tripled between 1951 and 2011, though growth rates have slowed since the 1990s.
2. Hindus make up 79.8% of India’s population and Muslims account for 14.2%.
Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains account for most of the remaining 6%.
3. Muslims in India have higher fertility rates than other groups, but they also have experienced the sharpest decline in fertility in recent decades.
4. In India, fertility is closely tied to women’s education, and Christian women are in school longer.
5. Migration has not greatly affected India’s religious composition.
6. Religious switching, or conversion, appears to be rare in India.
7. India is home to about 94% of the world’s Hindus. Along with Nepal, it is 1 of only 2 Hindu-majority countries.
8. Hindus are the majority in 28 of India’s 35 states, including the most populous ones:
Uttar Pradesh (total population 200 million)
Maharashtra (112 million) and
Bihar (104 million).
Key findings about the religious composition of India – Pew Research Center:
Pew Research Center